What is legal rights? Well, first we are going to define “rights”, right is what we are allowed to or what is owed to us, we all have heard about obligations and rights, we live with other humans in community, living all together we need some rules in order to guarantee happiness for all or at least for the majority, we can’t do all we want every time we want to.
Have you heard something like “your rights ends where the other’s rights begin”? Well that is correct, as members of a community we must fulfill our obligations and our rights must be respected as we respect the rights of others, this is how we prosper as community and as human race.
There are two kinds of rights, natural rights and legal rights, natural rights are those that we are entitled just being humans, they don’t depend of laws, customs, culture or governments, and cannot be restrained by human laws, legal rights are those given to us by laws and/or governments.
Legal rights we all should know
Due their condition of legal, legal rights depend of the legal system of each country, but there are some legal rights common to many countries since they signed the 1948 United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
The international agreements signed by the governments are part of the legal system of each country for that reason the legal rights contained in the Declaration of Human Rights are legal rights supported by all the countries which signed it.
Here we transcribe five articles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law. All are entitled to equal protection against any discrimination in violation of this Declaration and against any incitement to such discrimination.
Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights granted him by the constitution or by law.
No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.
Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him.
1. Everyone charged with a penal offence has the right to be presumed innocent until proven guilty according to law in a public trial at which he has had all the guarantees necessary for his defence.
- No one shall be held guilty of any penal offence on account of any act or omission which did not constitute a penal offence, under national or international law, at the time when it was committed. Nor shall a heavier penalty be imposed than the one that was applicable at the time the penal offence was committed.